12 March 2012 Accurate detection of tree apexes in coniferous canopies from airborne scanning light detection and ranging images based on crown-extraction filtering
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Abstract
We describe crown-extraction (CE) filtering to accurately determine tree apex positions for various coniferous species using an airborne light detection and ranging-derived digital canopy height model (DCHM). This method uses a square mask, with a frame at the edges, that overlaps pixels within the DCHM image; when no pixels touch the frame, the pixel at the center is extracted as a tree-crown pixel. The apex of each tree is determined by choosing the pixel with maximum height from the pixels in the crown. We compared the performance of this method and of two other methods (local-maximum filtering and canopy-segmentation method) for several species. The CE filtering had the most accurate results for most tree species with appropriate mask size selection. The mean omission, commission, and total errors for all tree species were 8.1%, 1.6%, and 9.7%, respectively, for CE filtering. Comparing mask sizes and canopy diameters estimated from the DCHM for each species revealed that the smallest canopy diameter of each species was close to the most appropriate mask size for that species in CE filtering. We also confirmed that the smoothing process used in the DCHM has little effect on the accuracy of CE filtering.
© 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Fumiki Hosoi, Hiroaki Matsugami, Kenichi Watanuki, Yo Shimizu, Kenji Omasa, "Accurate detection of tree apexes in coniferous canopies from airborne scanning light detection and ranging images based on crown-extraction filtering," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 6(1), 063502 (12 March 2012). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.6.063502 . Submission:
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