4 October 2012 Impacts of the binary typhoons on upper ocean environments in November 2007
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Using multiple satellite observations, Argo floats profiles, and one-dimensional (1-D) ocean mixed layer model, this study systematically investigated the impacts of the binary typhoons Hagibis and Mitag [which coexisted respectively in the South China Sea (SCS) and western North Pacific (WNP) during November, 22 to 26, 2007] on upper ocean environments. It was observed that intense Ekman pumping and two mesoscale cold, cyclonic eddies, which, induced by long forcing time of strong wind stress curls, appeared respectively in two certain areas instead of after the binary typhoons' trails. Both cyclonic eddies retained for ∼39 days, accompanied with maximum sea surface height anomaly (SSHA) reduction of ∼25  cm induced by Hagibis and of ∼44  cm induced by Mitag, respectively. The largest sea surface temperature (SST) drop of 7°C and 2°C, the maximum chlorophyll a (Chl-a ) enhancement respectively was >20 times and ∼3 times in these two eddies' regions induced by Typhoon Hagibis and Mitag, respectively. The results of the 1-D ocean mixed layer model showed that, given its 84 h forcing time, the simulated MLT cooling and mixed layer deepening induced by Hagibis were ∼-2.8°C and 45 m, respectively, ∼-0.5°C and 25 m for Mitag at its 66 h forcing time. This work provides convincing evidences that typhoons, which appear frequently in the SCS and the WNP, play a notable role in the activities of mesoscale eddies in these areas.
© 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Yuan-Jian Yang, Yuan-Jian Yang, Liang Sun, Liang Sun, An-Min Duan, An-Min Duan, Yu-Bin Li, Yu-Bin Li, Yun-Fei Fu, Yun-Fei Fu, You-Fang Yan, You-Fang Yan, Zi-Qian Wang, Zi-Qian Wang, Tao Xian, Tao Xian, "Impacts of the binary typhoons on upper ocean environments in November 2007," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 6(1), 063583 (4 October 2012). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.6.063583 . Submission:

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