Spatial resolution enhancement of hyperspectral images is one of the key and difficult topics in the field of imaging spectrometry. The redundant dictionary based sparse representation theory is introduced, and a spatial resolution enhancement algorithm is proposed. In this algorithm, a pixel curve instead of a pixel patch is taken as the unit of processing. A pair of low- and high-resolution respective redundant dictionaries are joint trained, with the constraint that a pair of high- and low-resolution corresponded pixel curves can be sparse represented by same coefficients according to the respected dictionaries. In the process of super-resolution restoration, the low-resolution hyperspectral image is first sparse decomposed based on the low-resolution redundant dictionary and then the obtained coefficients are used to reconstruct the corresponding high-resolution image with respect to the high-resolution dictionary. The maximum <italic<a posteriori</italic< based constrained optimization is performed to further improve the quality of the reconstructed high-frequency information. Experimental results show that the pixel curve based sparse representation is more suitable for a hyperspectral image; the highly spectral correlations are better used for resolution enhancement. In comparison with the traditional bilinear interpolation method and other referenced super-resolution algorithms, the proposed algorithm is superior in both objective and subjective results.
Wang, Wang, and Zhang: Spatial resolution enhancement of hyperspectral images based on redundant dictionaries