27 October 2017 Thermal analyses for initial operations of the soft x-ray spectrometer onboard the Hitomi satellite
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Abstract
The soft x-ray spectrometer (SXS) onboard the Hitomi satellite achieved a high-energy resolution of 4.9    eV at 6 keV with an x-ray microcalorimeter array cooled to 50 mK. The cooling system utilizes liquid helium, confined in zero gravity by means of a porous plug (PP) phase separator. For the PP to function, the helium temperature must be kept lower than the λ point of 2.17 K in orbit. To determine the maximum allowable helium temperature at launch, taking into account the uncertainties in both the final ground operations and initial operation in orbit, we constructed a thermal mathematical model of the SXS dewar and PP vent and carried out time-series thermal simulations. Based on the results, the maximum allowable helium temperature at launch was set at 1.7 K. We also conducted a transient thermal calculation using the actual temperatures at launch as initial conditions to determine flow and cooling rates in orbit. From this, the equilibrium helium mass flow rate was estimated to be 34 to 42    μ g / s , and the lifetime of the helium mode was predicted to be 3.9 to 4.7 years. This paper describes the thermal model and presents simulation results and comparisons with temperatures measured in the orbit.
© The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Distribution or reproduction of this work in whole or in part requires full attribution of the original publication, including its DOI.
Hirofumi Noda, Hirofumi Noda, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Atsushi Okamoto, Atsushi Okamoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Yuichiro Ezoe, Kumi Ishikawa, Kumi Ishikawa, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Noriko Yamasaki, Noriko Yamasaki, Yoh Takei, Yoh Takei, Takaya Ohashi, Takaya Ohashi, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Seiji Yoshida, Seiji Yoshida, Michael DiPirro, Michael DiPirro, Peter Shirron, Peter Shirron, } "Thermal analyses for initial operations of the soft x-ray spectrometer onboard the Hitomi satellite," Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems 4(1), 011202 (27 October 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JATIS.4.1.011202 . Submission: Received: 16 April 2017; Accepted: 3 October 2017
Received: 16 April 2017; Accepted: 3 October 2017; Published: 27 October 2017
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