9 February 2018 Multimode simulations of a wide field of view double-Fourier far-infrared spatio–spectral interferometer
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In the absence of 50-m class space-based observatories, subarcsecond astronomy spanning the full far-infrared wavelength range will require space-based long-baseline interferometry. The long baselines of up to tens of meters are necessary to achieve subarcsecond resolution demanded by science goals. Also, practical observing times command a field of view toward an arcminute (1′) or so, not achievable with a single on-axis coherent detector. This paper is concerned with an application of an end-to-end instrument simulator PyFIInS, developed as part of the FISICA project under funding from the European Commission’s seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7). Predicted results of wide field of view spatio–spectral interferometry through simulations of a long-baseline, double-Fourier, far-infrared interferometer concept are presented and analyzed. It is shown how such an interferometer, illuminated by a multimode detector can recover a large field of view at subarcsecond angular resolution, resulting in similar image quality as that achieved by illuminating the system with an array of coherent detectors. Through careful analysis, the importance of accounting for the correct number of higher-order optical modes is demonstrated, as well as accounting for both orthogonal polarizations. Given that it is very difficult to manufacture waveguide and feed structures at sub-mm wavelengths, the larger multimode design is recommended over the array of smaller single mode detectors. A brief note is provided in the conclusion of this paper addressing a more elegant solution to modeling far-infrared interferometers, which holds promise for improving the computational efficiency of the simulations presented here.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Colm P. Bracken, Colm P. Bracken, John F. Lightfoot, John F. Lightfoot, Creidhe O'Sullivan, Creidhe O'Sullivan, J. Anthony Murphy, J. Anthony Murphy, Anthony Donohoe, Anthony Donohoe, Giorgio Savini, Giorgio Savini, Roser Juanola-Parramon, Roser Juanola-Parramon, on behalf of FISICA Consortium, on behalf of FISICA Consortium, } "Multimode simulations of a wide field of view double-Fourier far-infrared spatio–spectral interferometer," Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems 4(1), 018004 (9 February 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JATIS.4.1.018004 . Submission: Received: 16 August 2017; Accepted: 8 January 2018
Received: 16 August 2017; Accepted: 8 January 2018; Published: 9 February 2018

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