1 January 1996 Recent developments in laser cardiac surgery
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The treatment of coronary heart disease changed drastically in 1977 when Gruentzig in Zurich successfully performed the first percutaneous coronary angioplasty.1 This treatment became an alternative to either medical or surgical treatment using coronary aortic bypass grafting. The initial success of the procedure made this technique very popular and aroused major interest, worldwide application, and technologic development along with great investment. Such a development was due to the nonsurgical approach, a minimally invasive procedure consisting of femoral arterial puncture. This is a relatively safe procedure that is easy to perform provided adequate training is given to the interventional cardiologist or radiologist.
Herbert J. Geschwind, Herbert J. Geschwind, } "Recent developments in laser cardiac surgery," Journal of Biomedical Optics 1(1), (1 January 1996). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.227109 . Submission:

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