1 November 2005 Finite element analysis applied to cornea reshaping
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A 2-D finite element model of the cornea is developed to simulate corneal reshaping and the resulting deformation induced by refractive surgery. In the numerical simulations, linear and nonlinear elastic models are applied when stiffness inhomogeneities varying with depth are considered. Multiple simulations are created that employ different geometric configurations for the removal of the corneal tissue. Side-by-side comparisons of the different constitutive laws are also performed. To facilitate the comparison, the material property constants are identified from the same experimental data, which are obtained from mechanical tests on corneal strips and membrane inflation experiments. We then validate the resulting models by comparing computed refractive power changes with clinical results. Tissue deformations created by simulated corneal tissue removal using finite elements are consistent with clinically observed postsurgical results. The model developed provides a much more predictable refractive outcome when the stiffness inhomogeneities of the cornea and nonlinearities of the deformations are included in the simulations. Finite element analysis is a useful tool for modeling surgical effects on the cornea and developing a better understanding of the biomechanics of the cornea. The creation of patient-specific simulations would allow surgical outcomes to be predicted based on individualized finite element models.
© (2005) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Delia Cabrera Fernandez, Delia Cabrera Fernandez, Abdel-Salam M. Niazy, Abdel-Salam M. Niazy, Ronald M. Kurtz, Ronald M. Kurtz, Gagik P. Djotyan, Gagik P. Djotyan, Tibor Juhasz, Tibor Juhasz, } "Finite element analysis applied to cornea reshaping," Journal of Biomedical Optics 10(6), 064018 (1 November 2005). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.2136149 . Submission:

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