1 May 2006 Adaptive virus detection using filament-coupled antibodie
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We recently reported the development of a filament-antibody recognition assay (FARA), in which the presence of virions in solution initiates the formation of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-like antibody complexes. The unique features of this assay are that processing is achieved by motion of a filament and that, in the presence of a virus, antibody-virus complexes are coupled to the filament at known locations. In this work, we combine the unique features of this assay with a 638-nm laser-based optical detector to enable adaptive control of virus detection. Integration of on-line fluorescence detection yields approximately a five-fold increase in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) compared to the fluorescence detection method reported previously. A one-minute incubation with an M13K07 test virus is required to detect 1010 virions/ml, and 40 min was required to detect 108 virions/ml. In tests of the components of an adaptive strategy, a 30-min virus (3.3×1010 virions/ml) incubation time, followed by repositioning the filament-captured virus either within the detecting antibody chamber, (20µg/ml) or within the virus chamber, found an increase in signal roughly proportional to the cumulative residence times in these chambers. Furthermore, cumulative fluorescence signals observed for a filament-captured virus after repeated positioning of the filament within the virus chamber are similar to those observed for a single long incubation time. The unique features of the FARA-like design combined with online optical detection to direct subsequent bioprocessing steps provides new flexibility for developing adaptive molecular recognition assays.
Gregory P. Stone, Kelvin S. Lin, Frederick R. Haselton, "Adaptive virus detection using filament-coupled antibodie," Journal of Biomedical Optics 11(3), 034012 (1 May 2006). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.2209907

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