1 March 2007 Rapid confocal imaging for measuring sound-induced motion of the hearing organ in the apical region
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 12(2), 021005 (2007). doi:10.1117/1.2718568
We describe a novel confocal image acquisition system capable of measuring the sound-evoked motion of the organ of Corti. The hearing organ is imaged with a standard laser scanning confocal microscope during sound stimulation. The exact temporal relation between each image pixel and the sound stimulus is quantified. The motion of the structures under study is obtained by fitting a Fourier series to the time dimension of a continuous sequence of acquired images. Previous versions of this acquisition system used a simple search to find pixels with similar phase values. The Fourier series approach permits substantially faster image acquisition with reduced noise levels and improved motion estimation. The system is validated by imaging various vibrating samples attached to a feedback-controlled piezoelectric translator. When using a rigid sample attached to the translator, the system is capable of measuring motion with peak-to-peak amplitudes smaller than 50 nm with an error below 20% at frequencies between 50 and 600 Hz. Examples of image sequences from the inner ear are given, along with detailed performance characteristics of the method.
Stefan Jacob, Igor Tomo, Anders Fridberger, Jacques H.R. Boutet de Monvel, Mats Ulfendahl, "Rapid confocal imaging for measuring sound-induced motion of the hearing organ in the apical region," Journal of Biomedical Optics 12(2), 021005 (1 March 2007). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.2718568

Motion measurement

Confocal microscopy

Motion estimation



Image acquisition

Imaging systems

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