1 November 2007 Comparison of 1540-nm laser-induced injuries in ex vivo and in vitro rabbit corneal models
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 12(6), 064033 (2007). doi:10.1117/1.2822371
Abstract
Despite the increasing use of infrared lasers in medical, industrial, and military settings, data on threshold radiant exposures and median effective dose (ED50) as they relate to laser-tissue interaction are limited. Our goals were to determine the ED50 for single-pulse, 1540-nm laser exposures in ex vivo and in vitro rabbit corneal models and to characterize the histopathological changes associated with the laser-tissue interaction. An erbium-glass laser was used to deliver single, 1540-nm wavelength pulses to 27 ex vivo and 24 in vitro rabbit corneal models. The ex vivo model was exposed to single pulses of 0.8-ms duration and radiant energies ranging from 17.61 J/cm2 to 42.26 J/cm2. The in vitro corneal models were exposed to single pulses of 0.8 ms duration and had radiant exposures ranging from 14.87 to 29.72 J/cm2. Tissue exposure sites were observed for presence of a lesion immediately post-exposure and 24 h after exposure. Histopathological evaluations of tissue exposure sites were conducted 24 h after exposure. The ED50 was determined to be 21.24 J/cm2 for the in vitro rabbit corneal models and 30.86 J/cm2 for the ex vivo corneal models. Both the in vitro and ex vivo models displayed similar histopathological responses of tissue necrosis and epithelial cell proliferation.
Nicole McPherson, Thomas E. Eurell, Thomas E. Johnson, "Comparison of 1540-nm laser-induced injuries in ex vivo and in vitro rabbit corneal models," Journal of Biomedical Optics 12(6), 064033 (1 November 2007). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.2822371
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KEYWORDS
In vitro testing

Tissues

Data modeling

Injuries

Laser tissue interaction

Cornea

In vivo imaging

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