1 March 2009 Differentiation of benign and malignant breast tumors by in-vivo three-dimensional parallel-plate diffuse optical tomography
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We have developed a novel parallel-plate diffuse optical tomography (DOT) system for three-dimensional in vivo imaging of human breast tumor based on large optical data sets. Images of oxy-, deoxy-, and total hemoglobin concentration as well as blood oxygen saturation and tissue scattering were reconstructed. Tumor margins were derived using the optical data with guidance from radiology reports and magnetic resonance imaging. Tumor-to-normal ratios of these endogenous physiological parameters and an optical index were computed for 51 biopsy-proven lesions from 47 subjects. Malignant cancers (N=41) showed statistically significant higher total hemoglobin, oxy-hemoglobin concentration, and scattering compared to normal tissue. Furthermore, malignant lesions exhibited a twofold average increase in optical index. The influence of core biopsy on DOT results was also explored; the difference between the malignant group measured before core biopsy and the group measured more than 1 week after core biopsy was not significant. Benign tumors (N=10) did not exhibit statistical significance in the tumor-to-normal ratios of any parameter. Optical index and tumor-to-normal ratios of total hemoglobin, oxy-hemoglobin concentration, and scattering exhibited high area under the receiver operating characteristic curve values from 0.90 to 0.99, suggesting good discriminatory power. The data demonstrate that benign and malignant lesions can be distinguished by quantitative three-dimensional DOT.
© (2009) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Regine Choe, Regine Choe, Soren D. Konecky, Soren D. Konecky, Alper Corlu, Alper Corlu, Kijoon Lee, Kijoon Lee, Turgut Durduran, Turgut Durduran, David R. Busch, David R. Busch, Saurav Pathak, Saurav Pathak, Brian J. Czerniecki, Brian J. Czerniecki, Julia C. Tchou, Julia C. Tchou, Douglas L. Fraker, Douglas L. Fraker, Angela DeMichele, Angela DeMichele, Britton Chance, Britton Chance, Simon R. Arridge, Simon R. Arridge, Martin Schweiger, Martin Schweiger, Joseph P. Culver, Joseph P. Culver, Mitchell D. Schnall, Mitchell D. Schnall, Mary E. Putt, Mary E. Putt, Mark A. Rosen, Mark A. Rosen, Arjun G. Yodh, Arjun G. Yodh, } "Differentiation of benign and malignant breast tumors by in-vivo three-dimensional parallel-plate diffuse optical tomography," Journal of Biomedical Optics 14(2), 024020 (1 March 2009). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3103325 . Submission:

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