1 September 2010 Optical characteristics of cartilage at a wavelength of 1560 nm and their dynamic behavior under laser heating conditions
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Abstract
A double-integrating-sphere system was used to measure the diffuse transmittance, diffuse reflectance, and collimated transmittance of cartilage and polyacrylamide hydrogel samples as a function of temperature under 1560-nm laser heating conditions. The dynamic behavior of the absorption and scattering coefficients and scattering anisotropy of the biomaterials was calculated by the inverse Monte Carlo method. The absorption coefficient of the cartilage and hydrogel samples proved to be linear in temperature. Raising the temperature of the cartilage samples to 80°C caused their absorption coefficient to decrease by some 25%. The temperature-induced change of the absorption spectrum of the interstitial water was found to be responsible for the clarification of the cartilage tissue observed to occur under 1560-nm laser heating conditions. The temperature field produced in the tissue by the laser energy deposited therein was calculated using a bioheat transfer equation with temperature-dependent parameters. The calculation results demonstrated that the temperature-induced changes of the optical parameters of biological tissues should be taken into account to make their 1560-nm laser treatment effective and safe.
© (2010) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Alexander P. Sviridov, Andrey V. Kondyurin, "Optical characteristics of cartilage at a wavelength of 1560 nm and their dynamic behavior under laser heating conditions," Journal of Biomedical Optics 15(5), 055003 (1 September 2010). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3484749 . Submission:
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