1 September 2010 Rat muscle opacity decrease due to the osmosis of a simple mixture
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It is known that the fibrous structure of muscle causes light scattering. This phenomenon occurs due to the refractive index discontinuities located between muscle fibers and interstitial fluid. To study the possibility of reducing light scattering inside muscle, we consider its spectral transmittance evolution during an immersion treatment with an optical clearing solution containing ethanol, glycerol, and distilled water. Our methodology consists of registering spectral transmittance of muscle samples while immersed in that solution. With the spectral data collected, we represent the transmittance evolution for some wavelengths during the treatment applied. Additionally, we study the variations that the treatment has caused on the samples regarding tissue refractive index and mass. By analyzing microscopic photographs of tissue cross section, we can also verify changes in the internal arrangement of muscle fibers caused by the immersion treatment. Due to a mathematical model that we develop, we can explain the variations observed in the studied parameters and estimate the amount of optical clearing agent that has diffused into the tissue samples during the immersion treatment. At the end of the study, we observe and explain the improvement in tissue spectral transmittance, which is approximately 65% after 20 min.
© (2010) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Luís M. Oliveira, Luís M. Oliveira, Armindo L. V. S. Lage, Armindo L. V. S. Lage, Manuel P. Pais Clemente, Manuel P. Pais Clemente, Valery V. Tuchin, Valery V. Tuchin, } "Rat muscle opacity decrease due to the osmosis of a simple mixture," Journal of Biomedical Optics 15(5), 055004 (1 September 2010). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3486539 . Submission:

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