1 June 2011 Label-free and noninvasive optical detection of the distribution of nanometer-size mitochondria in single cells
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Abstract
A microfluidic flow cytometric technique capable of obtaining information on nanometer-sized organelles in single cells in a label-free, noninvasive optical manner was developed. Experimental two-dimensional (2D) light scattering patterns from malignant lymphoid cells (Jurkat cell line) and normal hematopoietic stem cells (cord blood CD34+ cells) were compared with those obtained from finite-difference time-domain simulations. In the simulations, we assumed that the mitochondria were randomly distributed throughout a Jurkat cell, and aggregated in a CD34+ cell. Comparison of the experimental and simulated light scattering patterns led us to conclude that distinction from these two types of cells may be due to different mitochondrial distributions. This observation was confirmed by conventional confocal fluorescence microscopy. A method for potential cell discrimination was developed based on analysis of the 2D light scattering patterns. Potential clinical applications using mitochondria as intrinsic biological markers in single cells were discussed in terms of normal cells (CD34+ cell and lymphocytes) versus malignant cells (THP-1 and Jurkat cell lines).
© (2011) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Xuantao Su, Manisha Gupta, Clarence E. Capjack, Ying Y. Tsui, Yuanyuan Qiu, Leah Marquez-Curtis, Anna Janowska-Wieczorek, Wojciech Rozmus, "Label-free and noninvasive optical detection of the distribution of nanometer-size mitochondria in single cells," Journal of Biomedical Optics 16(6), 067003 (1 June 2011). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3583577 . Submission:
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