7 May 2012 Capture of circulating tumor cells using photoacoustic flowmetry and two phase flow
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Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer, yet current diagnostic methods are unable to detect early onset of metastatic disease. Patients must wait until macroscopic secondary tumors form before malignancy can be diagnosed and treatment prescribed. Detection of cells that have broken off the original tumor and travel through the blood or lymph system can provide data for diagnosing and monitoring metastatic disease. By irradiating enriched blood samples spiked with cultured melanoma cells with nanosecond duration laser light, we induced photoacoustic responses in the pigmented cells. Thus, we can detect and enumerate melanoma cells in blood samples to demonstrate a paradigm for a photoacoustic flow cytometer. Furthermore, we capture the melanoma cells using microfluidic two phase flow, a technique that separates a continuous flow into alternating microslugs of air and blood cell suspension. Each slug of blood cells is tested for the presence of melanoma. Slugs that are positive for melanoma, indicated by photoacoustic waves, are separated from the cytometer for further purification and isolation of the melanoma cell. In this paper, we evaluate the two phase photoacoustic flow cytometer for its ability to detect and capture metastastic melanoma cells in blood.
© 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Christine M. O’Brien, Christine M. O’Brien, Kyle D. Rood, Kyle D. Rood, Kiran Bhattacharyya, Kiran Bhattacharyya, Thiago Q. DeSouza, Thiago Q. DeSouza, Shramik Sengupta, Shramik Sengupta, Sagar K. Gupta, Sagar K. Gupta, Jeffrey D. Mosley, Jeffrey D. Mosley, Benjamin S. Goldschmidt, Benjamin S. Goldschmidt, Nikhilesh Sharma, Nikhilesh Sharma, John A. Viator, John A. Viator, } "Capture of circulating tumor cells using photoacoustic flowmetry and two phase flow," Journal of Biomedical Optics 17(6), 061221 (7 May 2012). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.17.6.061221 . Submission: Received: 6 July 2011; Accepted: 13 March 2012
Received: 6 July 2011; Accepted: 13 March 2012; Published: 7 May 2012

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