19 December 2013 From supersonic shear wave imaging to full-field optical coherence shear wave elastography
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Elasticity maps of tissue have proved to be particularly useful in providing complementary contrast to ultrasonic imaging, e.g., for cancer diagnosis at the millimeter scale. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) offers an endogenous contrast based on singly backscattered optical waves. Adding complementary contrast to OCT images by recording elasticity maps could also be valuable in improving OCT-based diagnosis at the microscopic scale. Static elastography has been successfully coupled with full-field OCT (FF-OCT) in order to realize both micrometer-scale sectioning and elasticity maps. Nevertheless, static elastography presents a number of drawbacks, mainly when stiffness quantification is required. Here, we describe the combination of two methods: transient elastography, based on speed measurements of shear waves induced by ultrasonic radiation forces, and FF-OCT, an en face OCT approach using an incoherent light source. The use of an ultrafast ultrasonic scanner and an ultrafast camera working at 10,000 to 30,000  images/s made it possible to follow shear wave propagation with both modalities. As expected, FF-OCT is found to be much more sensitive than ultrafast ultrasound to tiny shear vibrations (a few nanometers and micrometers, respectively). Stiffness assessed in gel phantoms and an ex vivo rat brain by FF-OCT is found to be in good agreement with ultrasound shear wave elastography.
© 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Amir Nahas, Amir Nahas, Mickael Tanter, Mickael Tanter, Thu-Mai Nguyen, Thu-Mai Nguyen, Jean-Marie Chassot, Jean-Marie Chassot, Mathias Fink, Mathias Fink, A. Claude Boccara, A. Claude Boccara, "From supersonic shear wave imaging to full-field optical coherence shear wave elastography," Journal of Biomedical Optics 18(12), 121514 (19 December 2013). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.18.12.121514 . Submission:

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