20 December 2013 Noninvasive monitoring of gas in the lungs and intestines of newborn infants using diode lasers: feasibility study
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Abstract
Preterm newborn infants have a high morbidity rate. The most frequently affected organs where free gas is involved are the lungs and intestines. In respiratory distress syndrome, both hyperexpanded and atelectatic (collapsed) areas occur, and in necrotizing enterocolitis, intramural gas may appear in the intestine. Today, these conditions are diagnosed with x-ray radiography. A bed-side, rapid, nonintrusive, and gas-specific technique for in vivo gas sensing would improve diagnosis. We report the use of noninvasive laser spectroscopy, for the first time, to assess gas content in the lungs and intestines of three full-term infants. Water vapor and oxygen were studied with two low-power diode lasers, illuminating the skin and detecting light a few centimeters away. Water vapor was easily detected in the intestines and was also observed in the lungs. The relatively thick chest walls of the infants prevented detection of the weaker oxygen signal in this study. However, results from a previous phantom study, together with scaling of the results presented here to the typical chest-wall thickness of preterm infants, suggest that oxygen also should be detectable in their lungs.
© 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Patrik Lundin, Patrik Lundin, Emilie Krite Svanberg, Emilie Krite Svanberg, Lorenzo Cocola, Lorenzo Cocola, Märta Lewander Xu, Märta Lewander Xu, Gabriel Somesfalean, Gabriel Somesfalean, Stefan Andersson-Engels, Stefan Andersson-Engels, John Jahr, John Jahr, Vineta Fellman, Vineta Fellman, Katarina Svanberg, Katarina Svanberg, Sune Svanberg, Sune Svanberg, } "Noninvasive monitoring of gas in the lungs and intestines of newborn infants using diode lasers: feasibility study," Journal of Biomedical Optics 18(12), 127005 (20 December 2013). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.18.12.127005 . Submission:
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