18 November 2014 Laser-induced microjet injection into preablated skin for more effective transdermal drug delivery
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Abstract
A breakthrough in the efficient transdermal delivery of drug via the laser-driven microjet is reported. A single source of laser beam is split into two: one beam ablates a targeted spot on a skin and another beam drives the injector for fast microjet ejection into a preablated spot. This combined ablation and microjet injection scheme using a beam splitter utilizes 1∶4 laser energy sharing between generation of the microhole via ablation and the microjet which is generated using the Er:YAG laser beam at a 2940-nm wavelength and 150-μs pulse duration. A careful analysis of the injection mechanism is carried out by studying the response of the elastic membrane that separates a driving water unit for bubble expansion from a drug unit for a microjet ejection. The efficiency of the present delivery scheme is evaluated by the abdominal porcine skin test using the fluorescein isothiocyanate staining and the confocal microscopy for quantitative delivery confirmation. The depth of penetration and the injected volume of the drug are also confirmed by polyacrylamide gel tests.
© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Hun-Jae Jang, Eugene Hur, Yoonkwan Kim, Seol-Hoon Lee, Naegyu Kang, Jack J. Yoh, "Laser-induced microjet injection into preablated skin for more effective transdermal drug delivery," Journal of Biomedical Optics 19(11), 118002 (18 November 2014). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.19.11.118002 . Submission:
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