23 December 2013 Effects of tissue fixation on coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering images of brain
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 19(7), 071402 (2013). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.19.7.071402
Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy is an emerging multiphoton technique for the label-free histopathology of the central nervous system, by imaging the lipid content within the tissue. In order to apply the technique on standard histology sections, it is important to know the effects of tissue fixation on the CARS image. Here, we report the effects of two common fixation methods, namely with formalin and methanol–acetone, on mouse brain and human glioblastoma tissue. The variations induced by fixation on the CARS contrast and intensity were compared and interpreted using Raman microspectroscopy. The results show that, whenever unfixed cryosections cannot be used, fixation with formalin constitutes an alternative which does not deteriorate substantially the contrast generated by the different brain structures in the CARS image. Fixation with methanol–acetone strongly modifies the tissue lipid content and is therefore incompatible with the CARS imaging.
© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Roberta Galli, Ortrud Uckermann, Edmund Koch, Gabriele Schackert, Matthias Kirsch, Gerald Steiner, "Effects of tissue fixation on coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering images of brain," Journal of Biomedical Optics 19(7), 071402 (23 December 2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.19.7.071402



CARS tomography

Raman spectroscopy



Tissue optics

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