27 August 2014 Re-evaluation of biotin-streptavidin conjugation in Förster resonance energy transfer applications
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Bioaffinity conjugation between streptavidin (SA) and biotin has been widely used to link donors and acceptors for investigating the distance-dependent Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). When studying a commonly used FRET system of (QD-SA)-(biotin-DNA-dye) [donor: quantum dot (QD); acceptor: small organic fluorescent dye; and linker: deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) molecule via SA-biotin conjugation], however, a contradictory finding was recently reported in the literature. It was found that the FRET lost its dependence on the number of DNA base pairs when using a phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution. We found that the conflicted results were caused by the ionic strength of the adopted buffer solutions. Our results suggest that the dependent FRET on the number of DNA bases is favorable in a low-ionic-strength buffer, whereas in relatively high-ionic-strength buffers, the FRET loses the DNA length dependence. We propose that the independence is mainly caused by the conformational change of DNA molecules from a stretched to a coiled mode when the cations in the high-ionic-strength buffer neutralize the negatively charged backbone of DNA molecules, thereby bringing the acceptors close to the donors.
© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Bahar Saremi, Bahar Saremi, Ming-Yuan Wei, Ming-Yuan Wei, Yuan Liu, Yuan Liu, Bingbing Cheng, Bingbing Cheng, Baohong Yuan, Baohong Yuan, } "Re-evaluation of biotin-streptavidin conjugation in Förster resonance energy transfer applications," Journal of Biomedical Optics 19(8), 085008 (27 August 2014). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.19.8.085008 . Submission:

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