2 January 2015 Utilizing spatial and spectral features of photoacoustic imaging for ovarian cancer detection and diagnosis
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 20(1), 016002 (2015). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.20.1.016002
A composite set of ovarian tissue features extracted from photoacoustic spectral data, beam envelope, and co-registered ultrasound and photoacoustic images are used to characterize malignant and normal ovaries using logistic and support vector machine (SVM) classifiers. Normalized power spectra were calculated from the Fourier transform of the photoacoustic beamformed data, from which the spectral slopes and 0-MHz intercepts were extracted. Five features were extracted from the beam envelope and another 10 features were extracted from the photoacoustic images. These 17 features were ranked by their p-values from t-tests on which a filter type of feature selection method was used to determine the optimal feature number for final classification. A total of 169 samples from 19 ex vivo ovaries were randomly distributed into training and testing groups. Both classifiers achieved a minimum value of the mean misclassification error when the seven features with lowest p-values were selected. Using these seven features, the logistic and SVM classifiers obtained sensitivities of 96.39 ± 3.35% and 97.82 ± 2.26%, and specificities of 98.92 ± 1.39% and 100%, respectively, for the training group. For the testing group, logistic and SVM classifiers achieved sensitivities of 92.71 ± 3.55% and 92.64 ± 3.27%, and specificities of 87.52 ± 8.78% and 98.49 ± 2.05%, respectively.
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Hai Li, Patrick Kumavor, Umar Salman Alqasemi, Quing Zhu, "Utilizing spatial and spectral features of photoacoustic imaging for ovarian cancer detection and diagnosis," Journal of Biomedical Optics 20(1), 016002 (2 January 2015). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.20.1.016002

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