27 August 2015 Development of red-shifted mutants derived from luciferase of Brazilian click beetle Pyrearinus termitilluminans
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Abstract
Luciferase, a bioluminescent protein, has been used as an analytical tool to visualize intracellular phenomena. Luciferase with red light emission is particularly useful for bioluminescence imaging because of its high transmittance in mammalian tissues. However, the luminescence intensity of existing luciferases with their emission over 600 nm is insufficient for imaging studies because of their weak intensities. We developed mutants of Emerald luciferase (Eluc) from Brazilian click beetle (Pyrearinus termitilluminans), which emits the strongest bioluminescence among beetle luciferases. We successively introduced four amino acid mutations into the luciferase based on a predicted structure of Eluc using homology modeling. Results showed that quadruple mutations R214K/H241K/S246H/H347A into the beetle luciferase emit luminescence with emission maximum at 626 nm, 88-nm red-shift from the wild-type luciferase. This mutant luciferase is anticipated for application in in vivo multicolor imaging in living samples.
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Tomoki Nishiguchi, Tomoki Nishiguchi, Toshimichi Yamada, Toshimichi Yamada, Yusuke Nasu, Yusuke Nasu, Mashiho Ito, Mashiho Ito, Hideaki Yoshimura, Hideaki Yoshimura, Takeaki Ozawa, Takeaki Ozawa, } "Development of red-shifted mutants derived from luciferase of Brazilian click beetle Pyrearinus termitilluminans," Journal of Biomedical Optics 20(10), 101205 (27 August 2015). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.20.10.101205 . Submission:
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