19 March 2015 Ultrasound-modulated fluorescence based on donor-acceptor-labeled microbubbles
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Abstract
A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based microbubble contrast agent system was designed to experimentally demonstrate the concept of ultrasound-modulated fluorescence (UMF). Microbubbles were simultaneously labeled with donor and acceptor fluorophores on the surface to minimize self-quenching and maximize FRET. In response to ultrasound, the quenching efficiency was greatly modulated by changing the distance between the donor and acceptor molecules through microbubble size oscillations. Both donors and acceptors exhibited UMF on individual microbubbles. The UMF strength of the donor was more significant compared to that of the acceptor. Furthermore, the UMF of the donor was observed from a microbubble solution in a turbid media. This study exploits the feasibility of donor–acceptor labeled microbubbles as UMF contrast agents.
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Yuan Liu, Jameel A. Feshitan, Ming-Yuan Wei, Mark A. Borden, Baohong Yuan, "Ultrasound-modulated fluorescence based on donor-acceptor-labeled microbubbles," Journal of Biomedical Optics 20(3), 036012 (19 March 2015). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.20.3.036012 . Submission:
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