28 October 2016 Hyperspectral imaging fluorescence excitation scanning for colon cancer detection
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 21(10), 104003 (2016). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.21.10.104003
Optical spectroscopy and hyperspectral imaging have shown the potential to discriminate between cancerous and noncancerous tissue with high sensitivity and specificity. However, to date, these techniques have not been effectively translated to real-time endoscope platforms. Hyperspectral imaging of the fluorescence excitation spectrum represents new technology that may be well suited for endoscopic implementation. However, the feasibility of detecting differences between normal and cancerous mucosa using fluorescence excitation-scanning hyperspectral imaging has not been evaluated. The goal of this study was to evaluate the initial feasibility of using fluorescence excitation-scanning hyperspectral imaging for measuring changes in fluorescence excitation spectrum concurrent with colonic adenocarcinoma using a small pre-pilot-scale sample size. Ex vivo analysis was performed using resected pairs of colorectal adenocarcinoma and normal mucosa. Adenocarcinoma was confirmed by histologic evaluation of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) permanent sections. Specimens were imaged using a custom hyperspectral imaging fluorescence excitation-scanning microscope system. Results demonstrated consistent spectral differences between normal and cancerous tissues over the fluorescence excitation range of 390 to 450 nm that could be the basis for wavelength-dependent detection of colorectal cancers. Hence, excitation-scanning hyperspectral imaging may offer an alternative approach for discriminating adenocarcinoma from surrounding normal colonic mucosa, but further studies will be required to evaluate the accuracy of this approach using a larger patient cohort.
© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Silas J. Leavesley, Mikayla Walters, Carmen Lopez, Thomas Baker, Peter F. Favreau, Thomas C. Rich, Paul F. Rider, Carole W. Boudreaux, "Hyperspectral imaging fluorescence excitation scanning for colon cancer detection," Journal of Biomedical Optics 21(10), 104003 (28 October 2016). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.21.10.104003

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