23 December 2016 Real-time measurement of the vaginal pressure profile using an optical-fiber-based instrumented speculum
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Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) occurs when changes to the pelvic organ support structures cause descent or herniation of the pelvic organs into the vagina. Clinical evaluation of POP is a series of manual measurements known as the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) score. However, it fails to identify the mechanism causing POP and relies on the skills of the practitioner. We report on a modified vaginal speculum incorporating a double-helix fiber-Bragg grating structure for distributed pressure measurements along the length of the vagina and include preliminary data in an ovine model of prolapse. Vaginal pressure profiles were recorded at 10 Hz as the speculum was dilated incrementally up to 20 mm. At 10-mm dilation, nulliparous sheep showed higher mean pressures ( 102 ± 46    mmHg ) than parous sheep ( 39 ± 23    mmHg ) ( P = 0.02 ), attributable largely to the proximal (cervical) end of the vagina. In addition to overall pressure variations, we observed a difference in the distribution of pressure that related to POP-Q measurements adapted for the ovine anatomy, showing increased tissue laxity in the upper anterior vagina for parous ewes. We demonstrate the utility of the fiber-optic instrumented speculum for rapid distributed measurement of vaginal support.
© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Luke A. Parkinson, Luke A. Parkinson, Caroline E. Gargett, Caroline E. Gargett, Natharnia Young, Natharnia Young, Anna Rosamilia, Anna Rosamilia, Aditya V. Vashi, Aditya V. Vashi, Jerome A. Werkmeister, Jerome A. Werkmeister, Anthony W. Papageorgiou, Anthony W. Papageorgiou, John W. Arkwright, John W. Arkwright, } "Real-time measurement of the vaginal pressure profile using an optical-fiber-based instrumented speculum," Journal of Biomedical Optics 21(12), 127008 (23 December 2016). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.21.12.127008 . Submission: Received: 11 August 2016; Accepted: 29 November 2016
Received: 11 August 2016; Accepted: 29 November 2016; Published: 23 December 2016

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