8 September 2016 Upconversion microparticles as time-resolved luminescent probes for multiphoton microscopy: desired signal extraction from the streaking effect
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Abstract
The great interest in upconversion nanoparticles exists due to their high efficiency under multiphoton excitation. However, when these particles are used in scanning microscopy, the upconversion luminescence causes a streaking effect due to the long lifetime. This article describes a method of upconversion microparticle luminescence lifetime determination with help of modified Lucy–Richardson deconvolution of laser scanning microscope (LSM) image obtained under near-IR excitation using nondescanned detectors. Determination of the upconversion luminescence intensity and the decay time of separate microparticles was done by intensity profile along the image fast scan axis approximation. We studied upconversion submicroparticles based on fluoride hosts doped with Yb3+-Er3+ and Yb3+-Tm3+ rare earth ion pairs, and the characteristic decay times were 0.1 to 1.5 ms. We also compared the results of LSM measurements with the photon counting method results; the spread of values was about 13% and was associated with the approximation error. Data obtained from live cells showed the possibility of distinguishing the position of upconversion submicroparticles inside and outside the cells by the difference of their lifetime. The proposed technique allows using the upconversion microparticles without shells as probes for the presence of OH− ions and CO2 molecules.
© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Daria V. Pominova, Daria V. Pominova, Anastasia Ryabova, Anastasia Ryabova, Pavel N. Grachev, Pavel N. Grachev, Igor D. Romanishkin, Igor D. Romanishkin, Sergey V. Kuznetsov, Sergey V. Kuznetsov, JUlia A. Rozhnova, JUlia A. Rozhnova, Daria S. Yasyrkina, Daria S. Yasyrkina, Pavel P. Fedorov, Pavel P. Fedorov, Victor B. Loschenov, Victor B. Loschenov, } "Upconversion microparticles as time-resolved luminescent probes for multiphoton microscopy: desired signal extraction from the streaking effect," Journal of Biomedical Optics 21(9), 096002 (8 September 2016). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.21.9.096002 . Submission:
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