12 October 2017 Dual-modal cancer detection based on optical pH sensing and Raman spectroscopy
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Abstract
A dual-modal approach using Raman spectroscopy and optical pH sensing was investigated to discriminate between normal and cancerous tissues. Raman spectroscopy has demonstrated the potential for in vivo cancer detection. However, Raman spectroscopy has suffered from strong fluorescence background of biological samples and subtle spectral differences between normal and disease tissues. To overcome those issues, pH sensing is adopted to Raman spectroscopy as a dual-modal approach. Based on the fact that the pH level in cancerous tissues is lower than that in normal tissues due to insufficient vasculature formation, the dual-modal approach combining the chemical information of Raman spectrum and the metabolic information of pH level can improve the specificity of cancer diagnosis. From human breast tissue samples, Raman spectra and pH levels are measured using fiber-optic-based Raman and pH probes, respectively. The pH sensing is based on the dependence of pH level on optical transmission spectrum. Multivariate statistical analysis is performed to evaluate the classification capability of the dual-modal method. The analytical results show that the dual-modal method based on Raman spectroscopy and optical pH sensing can improve the performance of cancer classification.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Soogeun Kim, Seung Ho Lee, Sun Young Min, Kyung Min Byun, Soo Yeol Lee, "Dual-modal cancer detection based on optical pH sensing and Raman spectroscopy," Journal of Biomedical Optics 22(10), 105002 (12 October 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.10.105002 . Submission: Received: 31 May 2017; Accepted: 22 September 2017
Received: 31 May 2017; Accepted: 22 September 2017; Published: 12 October 2017
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