6 October 2017 Enhanced tagging of light utilizing acoustic radiation force with speckle pattern analysis
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In optical imaging, the depth and resolution are limited due to scattering. Unlike light, scattering of ultrasound (US) waves in tissue is negligible. Hybrid imaging methods such as US-modulated optical tomography (UOT) use the advantages of both modalities. UOT tags light by inducing phase change caused by modulating the local index of refraction of the medium. The challenge in UOT is detecting the small signal. The displacement induced by the acoustic radiation force (ARF) is another US effect that can be utilized to tag the light. It induces greater phase change, resulting in a stronger signal. Moreover, the absorbed acoustic energy generates heat, resulting in change in the index of refraction and a strong phase change. The speckle pattern is governed by the phase of the interfering scattered waves; hence, speckle pattern analysis can obtain information about displacement and temperature changes. We have presented a model to simulate the insonation processes. Simulation results based on fixed-particle Monte Carlo and experimental results show that the signal acquired by utilizing ARF is stronger compared to UOT. The introduced mean irradiance change (MIC) signal reveals both thermal and mechanical effects of the focused US beam in different timescales. Simulation results suggest that variation in the MIC signal can be used to generate a displacement image of the medium.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Ali Vakili, Ali Vakili, Joseph L. Hollmann, Joseph L. Hollmann, R. Glynn Holt, R. Glynn Holt, Charles A. DiMarzio, Charles A. DiMarzio, } "Enhanced tagging of light utilizing acoustic radiation force with speckle pattern analysis," Journal of Biomedical Optics 22(10), 106004 (6 October 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.10.106004 . Submission: Received: 20 May 2017; Accepted: 21 August 2017
Received: 20 May 2017; Accepted: 21 August 2017; Published: 6 October 2017

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