23 December 2017 Establishment of hybridized focus measure functions as a universal method for autofocusing
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Abstract
Exact focusing is essential for any automatic image capturing system. Performances of focus measure functions (FMFs) used for autofocusing are sensitive to image contents and imaging systems. Therefore, identification of universal FMF assumes a lot of significance. Eight FMFs were hybridized in pairs of two and implemented simultaneously on a single stack to calculate the hybrid focus measure. In total, 28 hybrid FMFs (HFMFs) and eight FMFs were implemented on stacks of images from three different imaging modalities. Performance of FMFs was found to the best at 50% region sampling. Accuracy, focus error, and false maxima were calculated to evaluate the performance of each FMF. Nineteen HFMFs provided <90% accuracy. Image distortion (noise, contrast, saturation, illumination, etc.) was performed to evaluate robustness of HFMFs. Hybrid of tenengrad variance and steerable filter-based (VGRnSFB) FMFs was identified as the most robust and accurate function with an accuracy of ≥90% and a relatively lower focus error and false maxima rate. Sharpness of focus curve of VGRnSFB along with eight individual FMFs was also computed to determine the efficacy of HFMF for the optimization process. VGRnSFB HFMF may be implemented for automated capturing of an image for any imaging system.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Mohammad Imran Shah, Mohammad Imran Shah, Smriti Mishra, Smriti Mishra, Chittaranjan Rout, Chittaranjan Rout, } "Establishment of hybridized focus measure functions as a universal method for autofocusing," Journal of Biomedical Optics 22(12), 126004 (23 December 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.12.126004 . Submission: Received: 12 June 2017; Accepted: 29 November 2017
Received: 12 June 2017; Accepted: 29 November 2017; Published: 23 December 2017
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