11 February 2017 Pressure injury prediction using diffusely scattered light
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Abstract
Pressure injuries (PIs) originate beneath the surface of the skin at the interface between bone and soft tissue. We used diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) and diffuse near-infrared spectroscopy (DNIRS) to predict the development of PIs by measuring dermal and subcutaneous red cell motion and optical absorption and scattering properties in 11 spinal cord injury subjects with only nonbleachable redness in the sacrococcygeal area in a rehabilitation hospital and 20 healthy volunteers. A custom optical probe was developed to obtain continuous DCS and DNIRS data from sacrococcygeal tissue while the subjects were placed in supine and lateral positions to apply pressure from body weight and to release pressure, respectively. Rehabilitation patients were measured up to four times over a two-week period. Three rehabilitation patients developed open PIs (POs) within four weeks and eight patients did not (PNOs). Temporal correlation functions in the area of redness were significantly different ( p < 0.01 ) during both baseline and applied pressure stages for POs and PNOs. The results show that our optical method may be used for the early prediction of ulcer progression.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
David Diaz, Alec Lafontant, Michael Neidrauer, Michael S. Weingarten, Rose Ann DiMaria-Ghalili, Ericka Scruggs, Julianne Rece, Guy W. Fried, Vladimir L. Kuzmin, Leonid Zubkov, "Pressure injury prediction using diffusely scattered light," Journal of Biomedical Optics 22(2), 025003 (11 February 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.2.025003 . Submission: Received: 8 August 2016; Accepted: 23 January 2017
Received: 8 August 2016; Accepted: 23 January 2017; Published: 11 February 2017
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