9 February 2017 Mapping of hemoglobin in erythrocytes and erythrocyte ghosts using two photon excitation fluorescence microscopy
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The present study describes utilization of two photon excitation fluorescence (2PE) microscopy for visualization of the hemoglobin in human and porcine erythrocytes and their empty membranes (i.e., ghosts). High-quality, label- and fixation-free visualization of hemoglobin was achieved at excitation wavelength 730 nm by detecting visible autofluorescence. Localization in the suspension and spatial distribution (i.e., mapping) of residual hemoglobin in erythrocyte ghosts has been resolved by 2PE. Prior to the 2PE mapping, the presence of residual hemoglobin in the bulk suspension of erythrocyte ghosts was confirmed by cyanmethemoglobin assay. 2PE analysis revealed that the distribution of hemoglobin in intact erythrocytes follows the cells’ shape. Two types of erythrocytes, human and porcine, characterized with discocyte and echinocyte morphology, respectively, showed significant differences in hemoglobin distribution. The 2PE images have revealed that despite an extensive washing out procedure after gradual hypotonic hemolysis, a certain amount of hemoglobin localized on the intracellular side always remains bound to the membrane and cannot be eliminated. The obtained results open the possibility to use 2PE microscopy to examine hemoglobin distribution in erythrocytes and estimate the purity level of erythrocyte ghosts in biotechnological processes.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Katarina Bukara, Katarina Bukara, Svetlana Z. Jovanić, Svetlana Z. Jovanić, Ivana T. Drvenica, Ivana T. Drvenica, Ana Stančić, Ana Stančić, Vesna Ilić, Vesna Ilić, Mihailo D. Rabasović, Mihailo D. Rabasović, Dejan V. Pantelić, Dejan V. Pantelić, Branislav M. Jelenković, Branislav M. Jelenković, Branko Bugarski, Branko Bugarski, Aleksandar J. Krmpot, Aleksandar J. Krmpot, } "Mapping of hemoglobin in erythrocytes and erythrocyte ghosts using two photon excitation fluorescence microscopy," Journal of Biomedical Optics 22(2), 026003 (9 February 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.2.026003 . Submission: Received: 14 July 2016; Accepted: 24 January 2017
Received: 14 July 2016; Accepted: 24 January 2017; Published: 9 February 2017

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