21 June 2017 Dynamic measurements of flowing cells labeled by gold nanoparticles using full-field photothermal interferometric imaging
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Abstract
We present highly dynamic photothermal interferometric phase microscopy for quantitative, selective contrast imaging of live cells during flow. Gold nanoparticles can be biofunctionalized to bind to specific cells, and stimulated for local temperature increase due to plasmon resonance, causing a rapid change of the optical phase. These phase changes can be recorded by interferometric phase microscopy and analyzed to form an image of the binding sites of the nanoparticles in the cells, gaining molecular specificity. Since the nanoparticle excitation frequency might overlap with the sample dynamics frequencies, photothermal phase imaging was performed on stationary or slowly dynamic samples. Furthermore, the computational analysis of the photothermal signals is time consuming. This makes photothermal imaging unsuitable for applications requiring dynamic imaging or real-time analysis, such as analyzing and sorting cells during fast flow. To overcome these drawbacks, we utilized an external interferometric module and developed new algorithms, based on discrete Fourier transform variants, enabling fast analysis of photothermal signals in highly dynamic live cells. Due to the self-interference module, the cells are imaged with and without excitation in video-rate, effectively increasing signal-to-noise ratio. Our approach holds potential for using photothermal cell imaging and depletion in flow cytometry.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Nir A. Turko, Nir A. Turko, Darina Roitshtain, Darina Roitshtain, Omry Blum, Omry Blum, Björn Kemper, Björn Kemper, Natan T. Shaked, Natan T. Shaked, } "Dynamic measurements of flowing cells labeled by gold nanoparticles using full-field photothermal interferometric imaging," Journal of Biomedical Optics 22(6), 066012 (21 June 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.6.066012 . Submission: Received: 17 February 2017; Accepted: 25 May 2017
Received: 17 February 2017; Accepted: 25 May 2017; Published: 21 June 2017
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