9 March 2018 In vivo photoacoustic imaging of chorioretinal oxygen gradients
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Chorioretinal imaging has a crucial role for the patients with chorioretinal vascular diseases, such as neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Imaging oxygen gradients in the eye could better diagnose and treat ocular diseases. Here, we describe the use of photoacoustic ocular imaging (PAOI) in measuring chorioretinal oxygen saturation (CR  −  sO2) gradients in New Zealand white rabbits (n  =  5) with ocular ischemia. We observed good correlation (R2  =  0.98) between pulse oximetry and PAOI as a function of different oxygen percentages in inhaled air. We then used an established ocular ischemia model in which intraocular pressure is elevated to constrict ocular blood flow, and notice a positive correlation (R2  =  0.92) between the injected volume of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and intraocular pressure (IOP) as well as a negative correlation (R2  =  0.98) between CR  −  sO2 and injected volume of PBS. The CR  −  sO2 was measured before (baseline), during (ischemia), and after the infusion (600-μL PBS). The ischemia-reperfusion model did not affect the measurement of the sO2 using a pulse oximeter on the animal’s paw, but the chorioretinal PAOI signal showed a nearly sixfold decrease in CR  −  sO2 (n  =  5, p  =  0.00001). We also observe a sixfold decrease in CR  −  sO2 after significant elevation of IOP during ischemia, with an increase close to baseline during reperfusion. These data suggest that PAOI can detect changes in chorioretinal oxygenation and may be useful for application to imaging oxygen gradients in ocular disease.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Ali Hariri, Ali Hariri, Junxin Wang, Junxin Wang, Yeji Kim, Yeji Kim, Anamik Jhunjhunwala, Anamik Jhunjhunwala, Daniel L. Chao, Daniel L. Chao, Jesse V. Jokerst, Jesse V. Jokerst, } "In vivo photoacoustic imaging of chorioretinal oxygen gradients," Journal of Biomedical Optics 23(3), 036005 (9 March 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.23.3.036005 . Submission: Received: 18 October 2017; Accepted: 14 February 2018
Received: 18 October 2017; Accepted: 14 February 2018; Published: 9 March 2018

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