15 May 2018 Multimodal approach in assessment of the response of breast cancer to neoadjuvant chemotherapy
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Abstract
The ability for noninvasive visualization of functional changes of a tumor’s oxygenation and circulatory system offers new advantages for prognosis and monitoring of the treatment efficacy. The results of breast cancer oxygen state study under chemotherapy action obtained by diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) in combination with Doppler ultrasonic imaging are presented. Complex use of optical and ultrasound methods gives complementary information about the size of the tumor node, peculiarities of its vascular bed, rate of its blood flow as well as oxygenation, and provide a picture of the tumor response to treatment. Comparison with tumor pathologic response allowed to identify differences in the changes of these parameters depending on the degree of pathological tumor response to chemotherapy. It was demonstrated that fourth and fifth degrees of therapeutic pathomorphism may be predicted by the increase of oxygen saturation level after the first cycle of chemotherapy. If the reduction or absence of the oxygen saturation dynamics is observed, first or second degree of pathological tumor response can be expected. Additional ultrasound investigation of the tumors may be useful for observation of the dynamics of tumor blood flow thereby for understanding the reasons of induced chemotherapy oxygenation changes. The proposed approach based on DOS and ultrasonography may be applied for monitoring of breast tumors under therapy and prediction of their sensitivity.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Mikhail V. Pavlov, Tatiana I. Kalganova, Yekaterina S. Lyubimtseva, Vladimir I. Plekhanov, German Yurievich Golubyatnikov, Olga Y. Ilyinskaya, Anna G. Orlova, Pavel V. Subochev, Dmitriy V. Safonov, Natalia M. Shakhova, Anna V. Maslennikova, "Multimodal approach in assessment of the response of breast cancer to neoadjuvant chemotherapy," Journal of Biomedical Optics 23(9), 091410 (15 May 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.23.9.091410 Submission: Received 20 December 2017; Accepted 23 April 2018
Submission: Received 20 December 2017; Accepted 23 April 2018
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