1 July 1999 Effect of pulse shape on the efficiency of multiphoton process: implications for biological microscopy
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 4(3), (1999). doi:10.1117/1.429937
Abstract
The effects of spectral shape on two photon fluorescence excitation are investigated experimentally using an acousto-optic pulse shaper to modify femtosecond pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser. By using different spectral window shapes, we find that the measured two photon efficiency can vary by a factor of 2 for differently shaped spectra with the same full width at half maximum. We find that these effects are described well by a simple model assuming transform-limited pulses. The fact that even small changes in the spectral wings can significantly affect the efficiency of nonlinear processes has implications for biological multiphoton imaging, where it may be desirable to minimize sample exposure to radiation and maximize fluorescence or harmonic efficiency.
Chris J. Bardeen, Vladislav V. Yakovlev, Jeffrey A. Squier, Kent R. Wilson, Scott D. Carpenter, Peter M. Weber, "Effect of pulse shape on the efficiency of multiphoton process: implications for biological microscopy," Journal of Biomedical Optics 4(3), (1 July 1999). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.429937
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Luminescence

Multiphoton processes

Bragg cells

Crystals

Acoustics

Multiphoton microscopy

Pulsed laser operation

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