1 July 2001 Design of synchrotron light source and its beamline dedicated to dual-energy x-ray computed tomography
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 6(3), (2001). doi:10.1117/1.1383062
Abstract
A synchrotron light source dedicated to medical applications has been designed at National Institute of Radiological Sciences. The storage ring, with circumference of 80 m, is designed for acceleration of 2.3 GeV and a stored current of 420 mA. It is equipped with two multipole wigglers to produce sufficient photon flux in a hard x-ray region required for medical applications. The purposes of the synchrotron light source are clinical performance of medical diagnoses clinically and research and development relating with medical applications. One of the most interesting applications for us is dualenergy x-ray computed tomography (CT). It gives the information about electron density of human tissue. The information plays an important role in advancing heavy-ion radiotherapy of cancers. Electron density can be derived from attenuation coefficients measured by different energy x rays. In this paper, a practical method of the dualenergy x-ray CT with synchrotron radiation is proposed with the theoretical consideration. The primitive experiment using monochromatic x rays emitted from radioisotopes proved the procedure of analysis mentioned here effective to derive electron densities from linear attenuation coefficients for two x rays of a different energy. The beamline dedicated to dual-energy x-ray CT is also proposed. It has a multipole wiggler as a light source and it mainly consists of a dual crystal monochromator and a rotating filter for attenuating photon flux of x rays and two-dimensional detector.
Masami Torikoshi, Takanori Tsunoo, Masahiro Endo, Koji Noda, Masayuki Kumada, Satoru Yamada, Fuminori Soga, Kazuyuki Hyodo, "Design of synchrotron light source and its beamline dedicated to dual-energy x-ray computed tomography," Journal of Biomedical Optics 6(3), (1 July 2001). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1383062
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KEYWORDS
X-rays

Light sources

X-ray computed tomography

Synchrotrons

Signal attenuation

Optical filters

Sensors

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