1 July 2001 Two-photon microscopy and spectroscopy based on a compact confocal scanning head
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 6(3), (2001). doi:10.1117/1.1382809
Abstract
We have combined a confocal laser scanning head modified for TPE (two-photon excitation) microscopy with some spectroscopic modules to study single molecules and molecular aggregates. The behavior of the TPE microscope unit has been characterized by means of point spread function measurements and of the demonstration of its micropatterning abilities. One-photon and two-photon mode can be simply accomplished by switching from a mono-mode optical fiber (one-photon) coupled to conventional laser sources to an optical module that allows IR laser beam (two-photon/TPE) delivery to the confocal laser scanning head. We have then described the characterization of the two-photon microscope for spectroscopic applications: fluorescence correlation, lifetime and fluorescence polarization anisotropy measurements. We describe the measurement of the response of the two-photon microscope to the light polarization and discuss fluorescence polarization anisotropy measurements on Rhodamine 6G as a function of the viscosity and on a globular protein, the Beta-lactoglobulin B labeled with Alexa 532 at very high dilutions. The average rotational and translational diffusion coefficients measured with fluorescence polarization anisotropy and fluorescence correlation methods are in good agreement with the protein size, therefore validating the use of the microscope for two-photon spectroscopy on biomolecules.
Alberto Diaspro, Giberto Chirico, Federico Federici, Fabio Cannone, Sabrina Beretta, Mauro Robello, Francesca Olivini, Paola Ramoino, "Two-photon microscopy and spectroscopy based on a compact confocal scanning head," Journal of Biomedical Optics 6(3), (1 July 2001). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1382809
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KEYWORDS
Luminescence

Confocal microscopy

Microscopes

Spectroscopy

Polarization

Head

Molecules

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