1 January 2002 Crosstalk in the Lambert-Beer calculation for near-infrared wavelengths estimated by Monte simulations
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J. of Biomedical Optics, 7(1), (2002). doi:10.1117/1.1427048
Abstract
Using the modified Lambert-Beer law to analyze attenuation changes measured noninvasively during functional activation of the brain might result in an insufficient separation of chromophore changes (‘‘cross talk’’) due to the wavelength dependence of the partial pathlength of photons in the activated volume of the head. The partial pathlength was estimated by performing Monte Carlo simulations on layered head models. When assuming cortical activation (e.g., in the depth of 8–12 mm), we determine negligible cross talk when considering changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin. But additionally taking changes in the redox state of cytochrome-c-oxidase into account, this analysis results in significant artifacts. An analysis developed for changes in mean time of flight— instead of changes in attenuation—reduces the cross talk for the layers of cortical activation. These results were validated for different oxygen saturations, wavelength combinations and scattering coefficients. For the analysis of changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin only, low cross talk was also found when the activated volume was assumed to be a 4-mm-diam sphere.
Kamil Uludag, Matthias Kohl-Bareis, Jens Steinbrink, Hellmuth Obrig, Arno Villringer, "Crosstalk in the Lambert-Beer calculation for near-infrared wavelengths estimated by Monte simulations," Journal of Biomedical Optics 7(1), (1 January 2002). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1427048
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KEYWORDS
Chromophores

Absorption

Tissues

Signal attenuation

Head

Optical spheres

Photons

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