Kye Jin Jeon,Su Jin Kim,Kun-Kook Park Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (South Korea) Jong-Won Kim Samsung Medical Ctr. (South Korea) Gilwon Yoon Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (South Korea)
Wavelength selection and prediction algorithm for determining total hemoglobin concentration are investigated. A model based on the difference in optical density induced by the pulsation of the heart beat is developed by taking an approximation of Twersky’s theory on the assumption that the variation of blood vessel size is small during arterial pulsing. A device is constructed with a fivewavelength light emitting diode array as the light source. The selected wavelengths are two isobestic points and three in compensation for tissue scattering. Data are collected from 129 outpatients who are randomly grouped as calibration and prediction sets. The ratio of the variations of optical density between systole and diastole at two different wavelengths is used as a variable. We selected several such variables that show high reproducibility among all variables. Multiple linear regression analysis is made in order to predict total hemoglobin concentration. The correlation coefficient is 0.804 and the standard deviation is 0.864 g/dL for the calibration set. The relative percent error and standard deviation of the prediction set are 8.5% and 1.142 g/dL, respectively. We successfully demonstrate the possibility of noninvasive hemoglobin measurement, particularly, using the wavelengths below 1000 nm.