1 March 2004 Detectability of contrast agents for confocal reflectance imaging of skin and microcirculation
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Abstract
Confocal reflectance microscopy of skin and other tissues in vivo is currently limited to imaging at the cellular, nuclear and general architectural levels due to the lack of microstructure-specific contrast. Morphologic and functional imaging at specific organelle and microstructure levels may require the use of exogenous contrast agents in small (nontoxic) concentrations, from which weakly backscattered light must be detected in real time. We report an analysis based on Mie theory to predict detectability, in terms of signal-to-background and signal-to-noise ratios, of reflectance contrast agents within skin and microcirculation. The analysis was experimentally verified by detectability of (a) intravenously injected polystyrene microspheres that enhance the contrast of dermal microcirculation in Sprague–Dawley rats, and (b) acetic acid-induced compaction of chromatin that enhances nuclear morphology in normal and cancerous human skin. Such analyses and experiments provide a quantitative basis for developing the opto-biochemical properties and use of contrast agents and for designing confocal instrumentation to enable real-time detectability in vivo.
© (2004) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Milind M. Rajadhyaksha, Milind M. Rajadhyaksha, Salvador Gonzalez, Salvador Gonzalez, James M. Zavislan, James M. Zavislan, } "Detectability of contrast agents for confocal reflectance imaging of skin and microcirculation," Journal of Biomedical Optics 9(2), (1 March 2004). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.1646175 . Submission:
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