1 January 2007 Wavelet-based fragile watermarking scheme for image authentication
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Abstract
We propose a fragile watermarking scheme in the wavelet transform domain that is sensitive to all kinds of manipulations and has the ability to localize the tampered regions. To achieve high transparency (i.e., low embedding distortion) while providing protection to all coefficients, the embedder involves all the coefficients within a hierarchical neighborhood of each sparsely selected watermarkable coefficient during the watermark embedding process. The way the nonwatermarkable coefficients are involved in the embedding process is content-dependent and nondeterministic, which allows the proposed scheme to put up resistance to the so-called vector quantization attack, Holliman-Memon attack, collage attack, and transplantation attack.
© (2007) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Chang-Tsun Li, Chang-Tsun Li, Huayin Si, Huayin Si, } "Wavelet-based fragile watermarking scheme for image authentication," Journal of Electronic Imaging 16(1), 013009 (1 January 2007). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.2712445 . Submission:
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