1 July 2008 Simple imaging system to measure velocity and improve the quality of fertilizer spreading in agriculture
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J. of Electronic Imaging, 17(3), 031109 (2008). doi:10.1117/1.2956835
Abstract
The management of mineral fertilization using centrifugal spreaders calls for the development of spread pattern characterization devices to improve the quality of fertilizer spreading. In order to predict spread pattern deposition using a ballistic flight model, several parameters need to be determined, in particular, the velocity of the granules when they leave the spinning disc. We demonstrate that a motion-blurred image acquired in the vicinity of the disc by a low-cost imaging system can provide the three-dimensional components of the outlet velocity of the particles. A binary image is first obtained using a recursive linear filter. Then an original method based on the Hough transform is developed to identify the particle trajectories and to measure their horizontal outlet angles, not only in the case of horizontal motion but also in the case of three-dimensional motion. The method combines a geometric approach and mechanical knowledge derived from spreading analysis. The outlet velocities are deduced from outlet angle measurements using kinematic relationships. Experimental results provide preliminary validations of the technique.
Sylvain Villette, Frédéric Cointault, E. Piron, B. Chopinet, Michel Paindavoine, "Simple imaging system to measure velocity and improve the quality of fertilizer spreading in agriculture," Journal of Electronic Imaging 17(3), 031109 (1 July 2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.2956835
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KEYWORDS
Imaging systems

Velocity measurements

Particles

Image processing

Image acquisition

Binary data

Hough transforms

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