11 January 2017 Virtual anastylosis of Greek sculpture as museum policy for public outreach and cognitive accessibility
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This paper deals with a virtual anastylosis of a Greek Archaic statue from ancient Sicily and the development of a public outreach protocol for those with visual impairment or cognitive disabilities through the application of three-dimensional (3-D) printing and haptic technology. The case study consists of the marble head from Leontinoi in southeastern Sicily, acquired in the 18th century and later kept in the collection of the Museum of Castello Ursino in Catania, and a marble torso, retrieved in 1904 and since then displayed in the Archaeological Museum of Siracusa. Due to similar stylistic features, the two pieces can be dated to the end of the sixth century BC. Their association has been an open problem, largely debated by scholars, who have based their hypotheses on comparisons between pictures, but the reassembly of the two artifacts was never attempted. As a result the importance of such an artifact, which could be the only intact Archaic statue of a kouros ever found in Greek Sicily, has not fully been grasped by the public. Consequently, the curatorial dissemination of the knowledge related with such artifacts is purely based on photographic material. As a response to this scenario, the two objects have been 3-D scanned and virtually reassembled. The result has been shared digitally with the public via a web platform and, in order to include increased accessibility for the public with physical or cognitive disabilities, copies of the reassembled statue have been 3-D printed and an interactive test with the 3-D model has been carried out with a haptic device.
© 2017 SPIE and IS&T
Filippo Stanco, Filippo Stanco, Davide Tanasi, Davide Tanasi, Dario Allegra, Dario Allegra, Filippo Luigi Maria Milotta, Filippo Luigi Maria Milotta, Gioconda Lamagna, Gioconda Lamagna, Giuseppina Monterosso, Giuseppina Monterosso, } "Virtual anastylosis of Greek sculpture as museum policy for public outreach and cognitive accessibility," Journal of Electronic Imaging 26(1), 011025 (11 January 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.26.1.011025 . Submission: Received: 14 July 2016; Accepted: 13 December 2016
Received: 14 July 2016; Accepted: 13 December 2016; Published: 11 January 2017

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