22 March 2017 Deep neural network using color and synthesized three-dimensional shape for face recognition
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Abstract
We present an approach for face recognition using synthesized three-dimensional (3-D) shape information together with two-dimensional (2-D) color in a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN). As 3-D facial shape is hardly affected by the extrinsic 2-D texture changes caused by illumination, make-up, and occlusions, it could provide more reliable complementary features in harmony with the 2-D color feature in face recognition. Unlike other approaches that use 3-D shape information with the help of an additional depth sensor, our approach generates a personalized 3-D face model by using only face landmarks in the 2-D input image. Using the personalized 3-D face model, we generate a frontalized 2-D color facial image as well as 3-D facial images (e.g., a depth image and a normal image). In our DCNN, we first feed 2-D and 3-D facial images into independent convolutional layers, where the low-level kernels are successfully learned according to their own characteristics. Then, we merge them and feed into higher-level layers under a single deep neural network. Our proposed approach is evaluated with labeled faces in the wild dataset and the results show that the error rate of the verification rate at false acceptance rate 1% is improved by up to 32.1% compared with the baseline where only a 2-D color image is used.
© 2017 SPIE and IS&T
Seon-Min Rhee, Seon-Min Rhee, ByungIn Yoo, ByungIn Yoo, Jae-Joon Han, Jae-Joon Han, Wonjun Hwang, Wonjun Hwang, } "Deep neural network using color and synthesized three-dimensional shape for face recognition," Journal of Electronic Imaging 26(2), 020502 (22 March 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.26.2.020502 . Submission: Received: 10 September 2016; Accepted: 6 March 2017
Received: 10 September 2016; Accepted: 6 March 2017; Published: 22 March 2017
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