23 May 2017 Recognizing human activities using appearance metric feature and kinematics feature
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Abstract
The problem of automatically recognizing human activities from videos through the fusion of the two most important cues, appearance metric feature and kinematics feature, is considered. And a system of two-dimensional (2-D) Poisson equations is introduced to extract the more discriminative appearance metric feature. Specifically, the moving human blobs are first detected out from the video by background subtraction technique to form a binary image sequence, from which the appearance feature designated as the motion accumulation image and the kinematics feature termed as centroid instantaneous velocity are extracted. Second, 2-D discrete Poisson equations are employed to reinterpret the motion accumulation image to produce a more differentiated Poisson silhouette image, from which the appearance feature vector is created through the dimension reduction technique called bidirectional 2-D principal component analysis, considering the balance between classification accuracy and time consumption. Finally, a cascaded classifier based on the nearest neighbor classifier and two directed acyclic graph support vector machine classifiers, integrated with the fusion of the appearance feature vector and centroid instantaneous velocity vector, is applied to recognize the human activities. Experimental results on the open databases and a homemade one confirm the recognition performance of the proposed algorithm.
© 2017 SPIE and IS&T
Huimin Qian, Jun Zhou, Xinbiao Lu, Xinye Wu, "Recognizing human activities using appearance metric feature and kinematics feature," Journal of Electronic Imaging 26(3), 033015 (23 May 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.26.3.033015 . Submission: Received: 17 October 2016; Accepted: 3 May 2017
Received: 17 October 2016; Accepted: 3 May 2017; Published: 23 May 2017
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