21 July 2017 Face antispoofing based on frame difference and multilevel representation
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Due to advances in technology, today’s biometric systems become vulnerable to spoof attacks made by fake faces. These attacks occur when an intruder attempts to fool an established face-based recognition system by presenting a fake face (e.g., print photo or replay attacks) in front of the camera instead of the intruder’s genuine face. For this purpose, face antispoofing has become a hot topic in face analysis literature, where several applications with antispoofing task have emerged recently. We propose a solution for distinguishing between real faces and fake ones. Our approach is based on extracting features from the difference between successive frames instead of individual frames. We also used a multilevel representation that divides the frame difference into multiple multiblocks. Different texture descriptors (local binary patterns, local phase quantization, and binarized statistical image features) have then been applied to each block. After the feature extraction step, a Fisher score is applied to sort the features in ascending order according to the associated weights. Finally, a support vector machine is used to differentiate between real and fake faces. We tested our approach on three publicly available databases: CASIA Face Antispoofing database, Replay-Attack database, and MSU Mobile Face Spoofing database. The proposed approach outperforms the other state-of-the-art methods in different media and quality metrics.
© 2017 SPIE and IS&T
Azeddine Benlamoudi, Azeddine Benlamoudi, Kamal Eddine Aiadi, Kamal Eddine Aiadi, Abdelkrim Ouafi, Abdelkrim Ouafi, Djamel Samai, Djamel Samai, Mourad Oussalah, Mourad Oussalah, } "Face antispoofing based on frame difference and multilevel representation," Journal of Electronic Imaging 26(4), 043007 (21 July 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.26.4.043007 . Submission: Received: 11 January 2017; Accepted: 27 June 2017
Received: 11 January 2017; Accepted: 27 June 2017; Published: 21 July 2017

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