18 August 2017 Synthesis and assessment methods for an edge-alignment-free hybrid image
Author Affiliations +
J. of Electronic Imaging, 26(4), 043016 (2017). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.26.4.043016
A hybrid image allows multiple image interpretations to be modulated by the viewing distance. It can be constructed on the basis of the multiscale perceptual mechanisms of the human visual system by combining the low and high spatial frequencies of two different images. The hybrid image was introduced as an experimental tool for visual recognition study in terms of spatial frequency perception. To produce a compelling hybrid image, the original hybrid image synthesis method could only use similar shapes of source images that were aligned in the edges. If any two different images can be hybrid, it would be beneficial as a new experimental tool. In addition, there is no measure for the actual perception of spatial frequency, whether a single spatial frequency or both spatial frequencies are perceived from the hybrid stimulus. This paper describes two methods for synthesizing a hybrid image from dissimilar shape images or unaligned images; this hybrid image is known as an “edge-alignment-free hybrid image.” A noise-inserted method can be done by intentionally inserting and enhancing noises into the high-frequency image. With this method, the low-frequency blobs are covered with high-frequency noises when viewed up close. A color-inserted method uses complementary color gratings in the background of the high-frequency image to emphasize the high-frequency image when viewed up close, whereas the gratings disappear when viewed from far away. To ascertain that our approach successfully separates the spatial frequency at each viewing distance, we measured this property using our proposed assessment method. Our proposed method allows the experimenter to quantify the probability of perceiving both spatial frequencies and a single spatial frequency in a hybrid image. The experimental results confirmed that our proposed synthesis methods successfully hid the low-frequency image and emphasized the high-frequency image at a close viewing distance. At the same time, the perception of the low-frequency image was not disturbed when the image was viewed from far away.
© 2017 SPIE and IS&T
Peeraya Sripian, Yasushi Yamaguchi, "Synthesis and assessment methods for an edge-alignment-free hybrid image," Journal of Electronic Imaging 26(4), 043016 (18 August 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.26.4.043016 Submission: Received 9 February 2017; Accepted 14 July 2017
Submission: Received 9 February 2017; Accepted 14 July 2017

Spatial frequencies


Contrast sensitivity

Visual system

Image filtering

Statistical analysis

Distance measurement


Back to Top