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27 February 2019 Noise-resistant matching algorithm integrating regional information for low-light stereo vision
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Abstract
Low-light stereo vision is a challenging problem because images captured in dark environment usually suffer from strong random noises. Some widely adopted algorithms, such as semiglobal matching, mainly depend on pixel-level information. The accuracy of local feature matching and disparity propagation decreases when pixels become noisy. Focusing on this problem, we proposed a matching algorithm that utilizes regional information to enhance the robustness to local noisy pixels. This algorithm is based on the framework of ADCensus feature and semiglobal matching. It extends the original algorithm in two ways. First, image segmentation information is added to solve the problem of incomplete path and improve the accuracy of cost calculation. Second, the matching cost volume is calculated with AD-SoftCensus measure that minimizes the impact of noise by changing the pattern of the census descriptor from binary to trinary. The robustness of the proposed algorithm is validated on Middlebury datasets, synthetic data, and real world data captured by a low-light camera in darkness. The results show that the proposed algorithm has better performance and higher matching rate among top-ranked algorithms on low signal-to-noise ratio data and high accuracy on the Middlebury benchmark datasets.
© 2019 SPIE and IS&T 1017-9909/2019/$25.00 © 2019 SPIE and IS&T
Huahui Feng, Geng Zhang, Bingliang Hu, Xin Zhang, and Siyuan Li "Noise-resistant matching algorithm integrating regional information for low-light stereo vision," Journal of Electronic Imaging 28(1), 013050 (27 February 2019). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.28.1.013050
Received: 29 August 2018; Accepted: 8 February 2019; Published: 27 February 2019
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