1 January 1995 Modeling vibration-induced halftone banding in a xerographic laser printer
Author Affiliations +
J. of Electronic Imaging, 4(1), (1995). doi:10.1117/12.194838
Abstract
In a raster scanning printer, a laser beam is scanned across a photoreceptor in a direction perpendicular to the photoreceptor motion. When there is vibratory motion of the photoreceptor or wobble in the polygon mirror, the raster lines on the photoreceptor will not be evenly spaced. We analyze the positioning error and show that fractional raster spacing error is equal to photoreceptor fractional velocity error. These raster position errors can result in various print defects, of which halftone banding is the dominant defect. The dependences of halftone banding are examined using a first-order geometry-based printing model, an exposure model, and a more sophisticated laser imaging model coupled with a xerography model. The system model is used to calculate print reflectance modulation due to vibrations in both charged-area and discharged-area development modes using insulative or conductive development. System parameters examined are halftone frequency, raster frequency, average reflectance, vibration frequency, and multiple-beam interlace spacing.
Robert P. Loce, William L. Lama, Martin S. Maltz, "Modeling vibration-induced halftone banding in a xerographic laser printer," Journal of Electronic Imaging 4(1), (1 January 1995). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.194838
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Halftones

Raster graphics

Reflectivity

Modulation

Computer aided design

Printing

Systems modeling

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