1 January 1999 Digital image acquisition and processing in medical x-ray imaging
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J. of Electronic Imaging, 8(1), (1999). doi:10.1117/1.482680
Abstract
This contribution discusses a selection of today’s techniques and future concepts for digital x-ray imaging in medicine. Advantages of digital imaging over conventional analog methods include the possibility to archive and transmit images in digital information systems as well as to digitally process pictures before display, for example, to enhance low contrast details. After reviewing two digital x-ray radiography systems for the capture of still x-ray images, we examine the real time acquisition of dynamic x-ray images (x-ray fluoroscopy). Here, particular attention is paid to the implications of introducing charge-coupled device cameras. We then present a new unified radiography/fluoroscopy solid-state detector concept. As digital image quality is predominantly determined by the relation of signal and noise, aspects of signal transfer, noise, and noise-related quality measures like detective quantum efficiency feature prominently in our discussions. Finally, we describe a digital image processing algorithm for the reduction of noise in images acquired with low x-ray dose.
Til Aach, Ulrich W. Schiebel, Gerhard Spekowius, "Digital image acquisition and processing in medical x-ray imaging," Journal of Electronic Imaging 8(1), (1 January 1999). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.482680
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KEYWORDS
Signal to noise ratio

Interference (communication)

X-rays

Sensors

X-ray imaging

Modulation transfer functions

Fluoroscopy

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